Pakistan is a state in which there are several languages which are being spoken in the various areas of the country as per their location. Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and it was being denoted as the national language for Muslims even before the partition of India Sub-continent. It was the time when the Hindus were trying to make the Hindi as the official language of India as they were the majority so for the national identity of Muslims Urdu was being promoted. Even at this stage only 8 % of the total population which is almost 13,120,540 people as per the consensus of 2008. But still Urdu is being considered as the national language of Pakistan and it is mainly being spoken in Karachi. There are other languages which are also very much common and are being spoken in the various provinces as their significant provincial language.
Major languages in Pakistan Urdu Pakistan national language
Punjabi is considered as the first language in the PunjabProvince as almost 44% of the total population which makes up to 76,367,360 people as per the consensus of 2008. The exact number of Punjabi speakers is still hard to calculate because there are so many dialects of Punjabi which includes Saraiki, Hindko, Potwari and Pahari, as these dialects constituents of almost 60 % of the total population of Pakistan. The introduction of Punjabi dialects and language was being made by the famous poet Waris Shah (1722-1798) in the late 17th century with his very famous and renowned book of HeerRanjha. The major places where Punjabi is spoken and used as the official language includes Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Sheikhupura
The Pashto language which is used as the official language by almost 15.5 % of the total population of Pakistan which comprises of 26,692,890 peoples as per the consensus of 2008 ad is mainly the language of the people of Khyber Pakhtunkhawan and Baluchistan. The two dialects of the Pashto language includes the Pakhto which is spoken in the Northern areas of Pakistan and the other is the softer Pashto which is Marjory spoken in the southern areas of Pakistan. Khushal Khan Khattak (1613-1689) and Rahman baba (1633-1708) are the mostfamous poets in the Pashto language, which gave prominence to this very language throughout the country.
Sindhi is spoken by almost 14.44 %of the total population of Pakistan which comprises of almost 24,410,910 people as per the consensus of 2008. The language is mostly spoken in the South of Pakistan in the Sindh province. The Sindhi language was being derived from the two languages which include the Sanskrit and Arabic language.
The last major language which is spoken in Pakistan is known as the Balochi which is the official language of the Baluchistan province. Although only 3.59%of the total population of Pakistan which comprises of only 6,204,540 people as per the consensus of 2008, this language was being basically derived by the migrants of Iran and Iran which came and rehabilitate in the province of Baluchistan.