Complete biography of Allama Mohammad Iqbal as he is one of the renowned and significant leaders who have played a vital role in the independence of Pakistan. Iqbal is the national poet of Pakistan who was born on the 22nd of February, 1873 in Punjab. The forefathers of Iqbal were the Brahmins of Kashmir but Hundreds of years earlier they accepted Islam and were very pious and devoted people. Iqbal received his primary education from a local school in Sialkot before he passed the exam for an intermediary college. The literary knowledge and the aptitude of poetry were transformed in Iqbal from Mir Hassan, who was a great oriental scholar. Iqbal was very much keen is acquiring the Islamic knowledge so has its favorites subject if Islamic studies.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal Biography
Passing on to the Government College of Lahore, Iqbal did his graduation with English Literature, Philosophy and Arabic as his subjects. At the college he met Prof. Arnold and Sir Abdul Qadir. Iqbal’s poem, Chand (moon) and other early poems appeared in the journal (which belonged to Sir Abdul Qadir) in 1901 and were acclaimed by critics as cutting a new path in Urdu poetry. Later Iqbal did his MA in Philosophy and soon was being appointed as the Lecturer in Political Science, History and Philosophy at the Oriental College, Lahore. Later he switched to the Government College where he was appointed to teach the English Literature and Philosophy.
Iqbal proceeded to Europe for higher studies in 1905 and stayed there for three years. Heabsence of Prof. Arnold. From England, he went to Germany to do his doctorate in Philosophy from Munich and then returned to London to qualify for the bar. Iqbal returned to India in 1908. The poet had won all these academic laurels by the time he was 32 or 33. He practiced as a lawyer from 1908 to 1934 and then it was his illness which prevented him to continue his practice and so he retired as the lawyer in 1935.
Iqbal was very much disappointed from the results of World War I and was highly aggrieved on the devastating effects of the war on the Muslims, so this was the turning point in the life of Iqbal when he started for the welfare of Muslims and soon when he noticed that there were no short solutions so he presented his ideology for a separate homeland for the Muslims of Sub-continent. And as this ideology was being presented Muslims gathered under new leadership and it was Jinnah who took up the responsibility of implementing the ideas of Iqbal, and meanwhile Iqbal through his patriotic and breathtaking poetry made the Muslims revive and awake and urged them for the run for independence. Unfortunately Iqbal didn’t lived long enough to witness the formation of Pakistan his dream and it was on the 21st April, 1938 when Iqbal died.