I am congregating the list of major food crops and cash crops of Pakistan over the years. Pakistan is an agricultural country where the soil has good characteristics to fertile wheat, rice, cotton, and maize which are cultivating in on a big scale especially in Punjab province. Like Punjab, each province of Pakistan has its own specialties to produce the food crops of Pakistan as well as the became the major cash crops of Pakistan. For economic development it is very necessary to earn foreign exchange and the cash crops of Pakistan are playing a vital role in this regard. There are actually two types of crops that are “Kharif Crops” and “Rabi Crops”. Kahrife crops are usually grown in summer (Cotton, Rice, Maize, Millets) while Rabi crops are grown in the winter season (Wheat, Gram, Mustard, Masoor). Some of these are using as food while the major crops are exploring out to other countries to make them as a cash crop. The list of food crops and cash crops of Pakistan are listed below in detail.
Food Crops And Cash Crops Of Pakistan
We are discussing the food crops of Pakistan and cash crops of Pakistan in separate details below. We are telling you the definition and example of feed crops and cash crops of Pakistan with name list. So lets start out main topic here…
Food Crops of Pakistan:
The crops which are grown on the land of Pakistan for use as food, either for sale commercially are called the “Food Crops” of Pakistan e-g (Wheat, Rice, Maize, Millets, Gram, and Pulses)
Wheat is one of the basic food crops of Pakistan. It is grown in mild temperature and areas which have a small amount of rainfall. Wheat is normally sown in the month of October and November and harvested in the month of April and May. Pakistan got self-sufficiency in the crop of wheat.
Rice is one of the most important food crops in Pakistan. It is grown in areas which have moisture and warm temperature, mostly Sindh and Punjab. The average per acre yield of Rice in Pakistan is 1800 kg per hector. The government of Pakistan is trying to increase the per acre yield of rice and working on research in order to improve the quality and introduce the new varieties of rice in Pakistan.
It is one of the best raw materials for edible oil production. It is grown in warm place which has a moderate temperature. The average yield of maize is 1250 kg per hector. It is mostly grown in NWFP and KPK.
There are two important millets are Jawar and Bajra. Millets are cultivated in dry and sandy areas. The per hector yield of Millet is getting low due to the low rate of consumption. The major use of millets is on poultry farms.
- Gram and Pulses:
Gram and Pulses are also important food crops of Pakistan. The average yield of Gram and Pulses and Pulses is 700kh per hector. The government of Pakistan is trying to improve the production of gram and pulses.
Cash Crops of Pakistan:
The crops which are grown on the land of Pakistan and earn foreign exchange for the country are called “Cash Crops” of Pakistan e-g (Cotton. Rice, Oil Seeds and Vegetable Oils, Sugarcane and Tobacco)
Cotton is called the silver fiber. It is leading cash crop of Pakistan. It is grown in the areas having moderate rainfall and high temperature. Cotton yield 770 kg per hectare. The government of Pakistan develop new varieties f and modified the seeds of cotton in order to enhance the production of cotton and export at a large level to different courtiers.
Rice is the second cash crop of Pakistan with respect to export. The fine quality of Rice is exported to many countries like Malaysia, China, and other European Countries. Pakistan is earning a good foreign exchange of rice.
- Oil Seeds and Vegetable Oils
There are abundant of seeds and oils are exported to most of the countries of the world such as soybean, sunflower, mustard and cotton seeds etc. these seeds play a vital role in the economic development as they earn huge foreign exchange in our country.
The soil of Pakistan is very fertile for the cultivation of tobacco. It is also the major cash crop of Pakistan. The fine quality of tobacco is cultivated in NWFP, KPK and Sindh and Punjab. The best quality of tobacco is Virginia tobacco cultivated in the land of Sindh. It is considered the world famous quality of Tobacco which is exported at a large level to most of the countries of the world.
Difference Between Food and Cash Crops of Pakistan:
The major difference between the food crops and cash crops of Pakistan is that food crops are those crops which are cultivated for use of consumers not for sale as a commercial or foreign exchange but the cash crops of Pakistan are those crops which are export to most of the countries and earn foreign exchange in Pakistan. There are so many foods and cash crops in Pakistan. The Major cash crop of Pakistan is Cotton and the major food crop is Wheat. The government is trying to improve the quality of cash crops in order to increase the international market in order to earn high foreign exchange for economic development and fall in the list of developed countries.